Hi folks, Fedora is my favourite Linux distribution. If you plan to install Fedora 19 on a computer that came pre installed with Windows 8 then you will most likely have a Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) GPT partition table.
This means you will install
on the ‘EFI System Partition’. If you let the Fedora 19 Anaconda installer do this automatically by default it will use the Windows 8 ‘EFI System Partition’ which is most likely /dev/sda2.
To boot any of the Fedora 19 Live Disc images on a HP notebook, press the ‘Power’ button and then immediately press the ‘esc key’, then push ‘f9′ and choose your DVD drive, mine is ‘Internal CD/DVD Rom Drive (UEFI)’.
Note this is same the process for booting your newly installed Fedora 19 installation. Instead of choosing the live disc however you choose the Fedora 19 menu option that will appear after your installation such as ‘Fedora (WDC WD10JPVT-00AEYTI)’. If you want to reduce the ‘Windows 8 basic data partition’ you can resize it with gparted using the Fedora 19 Live installation disc image .
Once the fedora live image has loaded into memory open a terminal and type at the prompt (requires internet access):
yum install gparted
Type gparted in the terminal and the press enter to start. The simple way to install Fedora 19 is to make space available with gparted as described earlier so the fedora installer can choose an automatic partition layout for you.
I chose a standard partition type rather than LVM. A basic installation requires the following partitions when using a GPT partition table:
/boot/efi /boot ext4 500MB / ext4 10GB (at least) /home ext4 20GB (mine is 80GB) swap swap One and half times your RAM
Note the ‘EFI system partition should be the same that is used by the Windows 8 installation and is usually /dev/sda2 as mentioned previously. When in doubt choose the automatic partition layout option. As a rule of caution do not delete partitions unless you know what you are doing.
A variety of desktops are available with Fedora 19. I am using both Gnome, Mate and XFCE Desktops.
Once Fedora in installed you could install other Desktop operating systems by opening a terminal and enter the following:
su yum groupinstall 'Xfce Desktop' yum groupinstall 'Cinnamon Desktop' yum groupinstall 'Mate Desktop' yum groupinstall 'LXDE desktop' yum groupinstall 'Gnome Desktop'
How to enable mouse clicks with touchpad in Xfce Desktop:
To enable mouse clicks with touchpad in Fedora 19 Xfce you will need to create a 00-enable-taps.conf file. To do this type at the prompt:
su leafpad /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/00-enable-taps.conf
Place the following information in the blank file that appears:
Section "InputClass" Identifier "tap-by-default" MatchIsTouchpad "on" Option "TapButton1" "1" EndSection
Save the file and exit the terminal,
Reboot to enable mouse clicks with touchpad.
To install Skype you will need to install the following dependencies for Skype to work in the x86_64 version:
su -c "yum --setopt=protected_multilib=false install pulseaudio-libs.i686 pulseaudio-libs-devel.i686 alsa-plugins-pulseaudio.i686 libv4l.i686 libXv.i686 libXv-devel.i686 libXScrnSaver.i686 libXScrnSaver.x86_64 libXScrnSaver-devel.i686 libXScrnSaver-devel.x86_64 qt.i686 qt-devel.i686"
Get Skype for Fedora then right click to install with yumex.
Once Skype has installed, make a test call. Now open the terminal and type at the prompt:
Note, you can also add an application launcher to the Desktop for quick access to the pulse audio configuration . Choose ‘Pulse Audio Volume control’ for the icon.
Click the ‘Recording‘ tab choose your webcam device. Go to the ‘Input Devices‘ tab and make
sure your webcam is enabled.
Multimedia Playback under Linux Fedora
The Fedora community has rpmfusion, a 3rd party repository that provides additional support that is needed when dealing with restricted multimedia formats.
To install the rpmfusion configuration package if you have not done so already, type at the prompt:
su rpm -Uvh http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-19.noarch.rpm rpm -Uvh http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-19.noarch.rpm
For ATI Cards refer to ATI (fglrx – Catalyst) guide at Fedoraforum. I believe the open source Radeon driver is the best option at present.
To install the Adobe Flash plugin for Fedora x86_64, download Flash Player 11 for 64-bit YUM repository and right click to install. Once Adobe flash repository is installed type at the prompt:
su yum install flash-plugin
yum install asunder audacity-freeworld audacity-manual banshee banshee-community-extensions easytag faac faad2 ffmpeg gnome-media-apps gstreamer* h264enc libdvdnav libdvbpsi libdvdread listen lsdvd mplayer-gui oggconvert ogmrip oggvideotools smplayer soundconverter sound-juicer totem totem-mozplugin totem-nautilus pidgin-rhythmbox rhythmbox-equalizer rhythmbox x264 x264-libs vobcopy vorbis-tools transcode vlc vlc-extras xmms* xmms2-freeworld
You could also play videos with VLC Media player or SMPlayer of course.
Other important software that I use include Nautilus file manager as opposed to the default file manager Thunar with Xfce Desktop.
yum install brasero cheese eog evince-nautilus ekiga empathy file-roller-nautilus gedit gftp gnomebaker gwibber icedtea-web libreoffice nautilus nautilus-actions-docs nautilus-sound-converter nautilus-image-converter nautilus-search-tool totem-nautilus pidgin transmission xscreensaver-extras
Photo management tools for linux:
yum install gimp gimp-data-extras gimp-help-browser gimp-help-en_GB gimp-lqr-plugin gimp-resynthesizer gimp-fourier-plugin gthumb ufraw-gimp xsane xsane-gimp f-spot f-spot-screensaver jbrout shotwell
The libdvdcss package from atrpms.net contains the libdvdcss free software library. It is used for accessing and unscrambling DVDs encrypted with the Content Scramble System (CSS). You will need to install the following package as root if you want to play copy-protected DVDs. You can download from here libdvdcss-f19-x64 or build it from the source package at livna as described below.
Download the source package
First install the development tools:
su yum -y install kernel-headers kernel-devel gcc rpm-build rpmdevtools yum-builddep ~/Downloads/libdvdcss-1.2.12-1.remi.src.rpm
close the terminal.
Open a terminal and do the following (don’t use su):
rpmdev-setuptree rpm -i ~/Downloads/libdvdcss-1.2.12-1.remi.src.rpm rpmbuild -ba ~/rpmbuild/SPECS/libdvdcss.spec
Then install your new RPM:
cd ~/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64 su yum install libdvdcss-1.2.12-1.fc19.x86_64.rpm
If like using Gnome Desktop install the following extensions:
yum -y install gnome-shell-extension* gnote gnome-theme* gnome-tweak-tool gtweakui gnome-icon* gnome-shell-theme* light-theme-gnome nimbus-theme-gnome nodoka-theme-gnome clearlooks-compact-gnome-theme bluecurve-gnome-theme aldabra-theme-gnome
Playing games with Steam
To install the Steam repository at fedora people, type the following at the prompt:
su leafpad /etc/yum.repos.d/steam.repo
Add the following text then save and exit:
[steam] name=Steam RPM packages (and dependencies) for Fedora baseurl=http://spot.fedorapeople.org/steam/fedora-19/ enabled=1 skip_if_unavailable=1 gpgcheck=0
Now install steam
yum install steam
To install package.run eg TrineUpdate4.64.run:
chmod +x TrineUpdate4.64.run
You will need to install the following dependencies first:
yum install SDL_ttf libCg libtxc_dxtn libx86
You must have rpmfusion installed first as described earlier.
Finally some games that my family often play:
yum install aisleriot four-in-a-row frozen-bubble gnome-chess gnome-mahjongg gnome-mines gnome-sudoku njam swell-foop tuxmath tuxpaint tuxpaint-stamps tuxtype2